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Two Phase Flows

bubblesOne of our main interests is the study of the two-phase flows. For the case of granular flows, the complexity in determining the behavior of these
flows arises from the inelastic and frictional contacts among particles. For bubbly flows, the hydrodynamic interactions among bubbles give rise to velocity fluctuations which, in turn, give a turbulent-like character to these flows. In both cases, there have been significant developments over the last 15 years. My research group has actively participated in the collective effort to understand these systems better. We continue investigating different aspects of these flows, including the effect of non Newtonian rheology in bubbly flows, the transition between viscous and collisional dominated regimes in liquid-solid flows, flow of bubbles in porous media, etc. Progress in this subject is driven by the interest of understanding the fundamental nature of two-phase flows, independently from having direct applications. However, due to their prevalence in many modern engineering applications, there is wide practical interest and many funding opportunities.

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Biological Flows

The understanding of many biological systems cannot be completed without analyzing the fluid motion implied in them. The study of such flows give us an unique opportunity to explain many phenomena from a fundamental point of view. One approach is to study these systems replicating exactly the biological conditions in a controlled environment. A better one is to simplify and model the problems by removing as many layers of complexity as possible, yet retaining the most relevant ones.

Our group has studied the flow-structure interaction in biological heart valve prostheses and the locomotion dynamics of microorganisms in
complex fluids.

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Artistic Painting and Fluid Mechanics

Painting is, essentially a fluid mechanical problem. Much research has been devoted to understand the process of coating a solid surface with a fluid film, since most man-made surfaces are painted. In general, the objective of painting is to cover a solid surface with a thin and uniform layer of paint. For the case of artistic painting this is not exactly the case. Artists aim to create coating textures of aesthetic value to express their views. Hence, they learn to manipulate the fluid and the process in unique ways. They do this in an empirical manner through experimentation and many trial-and-error repetitions. Through a series of recent projects, inspired by art historians, my research group has been involved in the understanding the physical principles of the painting techniques used by famous modern painters. We have studied the accidental painting technique by David Alfaro Siqueiros, the dripping technique by Jackson Pollock and we have many other ongoing projects in this subject.

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Other research subjects

When we encounter an interesting problem, related to fluid mechanics, we cannot say no. We have collaborated with several other research groups to study other subjects, including: flow through porous media, convectice heat transfer, mixing, etc. Please see publication list for a full account of all research interests.




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